Española, NM

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
40,285
0.154% 1-year decline
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41.7
0.482% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
21.8%
2.13% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$52,031
10.7% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$212,700
18.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
15,542
0.314% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Española, NM had a population of 40.3k people with a median age of 41.7 and a median household income of $52,031. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Española, NM declined from 40,347 to 40,285, a −0.154% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,994 to $52,031, a 10.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM are Other (Hispanic) (29.8%), White (Hispanic) (23.3%), Two+ (Hispanic) (17.1%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (14%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (12%).

None of the households in Española, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.4% of the residents in Española, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Española, NM are Northern New Mexico College (249 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Española, NM was $212,700, and the homeownership rate was 78.9%.

Most people in Española, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 28.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Española, NM was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Española, NM is home to a population of 40.3k people, from which 96.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.51% of Española, NM residents were born outside of the country (2.22k people).

In 2022, there were 1.28 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (12k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.39k White (Hispanic) and 6.88k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.4%
2022 Citizenship
97.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.4% of Española, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Española, NM was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM
  1. Other (Hispanic)
    12k ± 1.01k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    9.39k ± 1.08k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    6.88k ± 992
71.3%
Hispanic Population
28.7k people

In 2022, there were 1.28 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (12k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.39k White (Hispanic) and 6.88k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

71.3% of the people in Española, NM are hispanic (28.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Española, NM as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    128,832 ± 8,539 people
  2. Philippines
    5,882 ± 1,880 people
  3. Germany
    4,070 ± 1,565 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 128,832 New Mexico residents, followed by Philippines with 5,882 and Germany with 4,070.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.51%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.22k people
4.82%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.95k people

As of 2022, 5.51% of Española, NM residents (2.22k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Española, NM was 4.82%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    998 ± 214
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    355 ± 144
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    148 ± 99

Española, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.81 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Española, NM employs 15.5k people. The largest industries in Española, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,320 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,291 people), and Educational Services (1,546 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($72,292), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,486), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($68,202).

Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,740. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

15.5k
2022 Value
± 1,051
−0.314%
1 Year decline
± 9.65%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Española, NM declined at a rate of −0.314%, from 15.6k employees to 15.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Española, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,904 people), Management Occupations (1,472 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,253 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Española, NM.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

15.5k
2022 Value
± 1,051
−0.314%
1 Year decline
± 9.65%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Española, NM declined at a rate of −0.314%, from 15.6k employees to 15.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Española, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,320 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,291 people), and Educational Services (1,546 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Española, NM, though some of these residents may live in Española, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$44,877
Median earning men ± $3,963
$36,254
Median earning women ± $2,783

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($69,463), Information ($63,250), and Public Administration ($51,939).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($65,950), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($43,750), and Public Administration ($40,000).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Y-Axis
2.72%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 860k people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 2.72% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 277
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 126
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 114
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New Mexico went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.36%).

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Española, NM awarded 249 degrees. The student population of Española, NM in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 482 male students and 672 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Española, NM are Hispanic or Latino (170 and 71.4%), followed by White (26 and 10.9%), American Indian or Alaska Native (20 and 8.4%), and Two or More Races (8 and 3.36%).

The largest universities in Española, NM by number of degrees awarded are Northern New Mexico College (249 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Española, NM are General Business Administration & Management (91 and 36.5%), Registered Nursing (22 and 8.84%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (17 and 6.83%).

The median tuition cost in Española, NM for a public four year colleges is $5,064 for in-state students and $14,328 for out-of-state students.

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 1,154 students enrolled in Española, NM, 41.8% men and 58.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 761 records, of which 60.4% were women and 39.6% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Española, NM was Other Nuclear & Industrial Radiologic Technologies with 13 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Española, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
249 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northern New Mexico College with 249 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 79 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Española, NM, which is 0.465 times less than the 170 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 170 degrees mean that there were 6.54 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 26 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 4-year or above ($5,064) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Measure

In 2022, 1.05% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.86% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (454k), Some college (398k), and Secondary Education (257k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Española, NM was $212,700 in 2022, which is 0.755 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $179,800 to $212,700, a 18.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Española, NM is 78.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Española, NM have an average commute time of 28.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Española, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Española, NM is $52,031. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Española, NM was Los Alamos County, NM with a value of $135,801, followed by Eddy County, NM and Sandoval County, NM, with respective values of $77,458 and $76,424.

Property

$212,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$14,800
$11,102
Median Property Taxes
±$775

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Española, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

78.9%
Homeownership
2022
69.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 78.9% of the housing units in Española, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Española, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Española, NM was Los Alamos County, NM with a value of $135,801, followed by Eddy County, NM and Sandoval County, NM, with respective values of $77,458 and $76,424.

The following map shows all of the counties in Española, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,031
Median Household Income
± $4,182
14.1k
Number of Households
± 900

In 2022, the median household income of the 14.1k households in Española, NM grew to $52,031 from the previous year's value of $46,994.

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Española, NM is from New Mexico.
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in New Mexico
0.46
2021 Wage GINI in New Mexico

In 2022, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.44% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79%)
  2. Carpooled (8.46%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.9%)

In 2022, 79% of workers in Española, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.46%) and those who worked at home (7.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

28.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Española, NM have a longer commute time (28.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.56% of the workforce in Española, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Española, NM have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

21.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Española, NM (8.72k out of 40k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 35 - 44 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Española, NM is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90.9% of the population of Española, NM has health coverage, with 37.3% on employee plans, 28.6% on Medicaid, 16.7% on Medicare, 6.93% on non-group plans, and 1.31% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.5% decrease from the previous year (1336 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1449 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 238 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
1,316 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New Mexico

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 1.5% decrease from the previous year (1,336 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.3% under 18 years, 17.9% between 18 and 34 years, 37.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 20.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49% were men and 51% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.1%
Uninsured
37.3%
Employer Coverage
28.6%
Medicaid
16.7%
Medicare
6.93%
Non-Group
1.31%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Española, NM declined by 6.87% from 9.77% to 9.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Española, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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