Fort Smith, AR

Census Place

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2022 Population
89,315
0.223% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Boozman
Republican Party
US Senator
Tom Cotton
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
36.4
1.62% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
18.9%
0.48% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$50,799
5.76% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$155,600
12.9% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
40,561
1.39% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Fort Smith, AR had a population of 89.3k people with a median age of 36.4 and a median household income of $50,799. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Fort Smith, AR grew from 89,116 to 89,315, a 0.223% increase and its median household income grew from $48,033 to $50,799, a 5.76% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Fort Smith, AR are White (Non-Hispanic) (59.4%), Other (Hispanic) (12.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.03%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (6.03%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.66%).

None of the households in Fort Smith, AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.3% of the residents in Fort Smith, AR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fort Smith, AR are University of Arkansas-Fort Smith (1,408 degrees awarded in 2022), Arkansas Colleges of Health Education (178 degrees), and Designer Barber & Stylist School (53 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Fort Smith, AR was $155,600, and the homeownership rate was 51.4%.

Most people in Fort Smith, AR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 16.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Fort Smith, AR was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Fort Smith, AR is home to a population of 89.3k people, from which 93.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 11.1% of Fort Smith, AR residents were born outside of the country (9.96k people).

In 2022, there were 4.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53k people) in Fort Smith, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.3k Other (Hispanic) and 7.17k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

93.3%
2022 Citizenship
93.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.3% of Fort Smith, AR residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Fort Smith, AR was 93.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fort Smith, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Fort Smith, AR
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    53k ± 681
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    11.3k ± 966
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    7.17k ± 513
19.6%
Hispanic Population
17.5k people

In 2022, there were 4.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53k people) in Fort Smith, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.3k Other (Hispanic) and 7.17k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

19.6% of the people in Fort Smith, AR are hispanic (17.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Fort Smith, AR as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    62,018 ± 6,050 people
  2. El Salvador
    15,360 ± 3,035 people
  3. India
    9,985 ± 2,449 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,018 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 15,360 and India with 9,985.

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Foreign-Born Population

11.1%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
9.96k people
11.7%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
10.4k people

As of 2022, 11.1% of Fort Smith, AR residents (9.96k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fort Smith, AR was 11.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fort Smith, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,490 ± 426
  2. Vietnam
    1,240 ± 255
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    797 ± 294

Fort Smith, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Fort Smith, AR employs 40.6k people. The largest industries in Fort Smith, AR are Manufacturing (6,993 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,639 people), and Retail Trade (4,253 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($80,071), Utilities ($79,830), and Finance & Insurance ($57,228).

Males in Arkansas have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,335. The income inequality in Arkansas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

40.6k
2022 Value
± 1,779
−1.39%
1 Year decline
± 6.27%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fort Smith, AR declined at a rate of −1.39%, from 41.1k employees to 40.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fort Smith, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,491 people), Production Occupations (4,333 people), and Management Occupations (3,872 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fort Smith, AR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arkansas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

40.6k
2022 Value
± 1,779
−1.39%
1 Year decline
± 6.27%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fort Smith, AR declined at a rate of −1.39%, from 41.1k employees to 40.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fort Smith, AR, are Manufacturing (6,993 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,639 people), and Retail Trade (4,253 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fort Smith, AR, though some of these residents may live in Fort Smith, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$39,688
Median earning men ± $2,823
$31,140
Median earning women ± $1,509

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($85,156), Information ($55,125), and Public Administration ($52,155).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,250), Public Administration ($45,582), and Wholesale Trade ($45,455).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Y-Axis
2.24%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.35M people employed in Arkansas. This represents a 2.24% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.69%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arkansas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Arkansas went to Donald J. Trump with 62.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (34.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing the state of Arkansas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arkansas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
John Boozman
Senator from Arkansas3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tom Cotton
Senator from Arkansas2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing Arkansas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arkansas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arkansas

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arkansas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Fort Smith, AR awarded 1,690 degrees. The student population of Fort Smith, AR in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,601 male students and 3,707 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fort Smith, AR are White (1,019 and 61.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (257 and 15.4%), Two or More Races (151 and 9.07%), and Asian (120 and 7.21%).

The largest universities in Fort Smith, AR by number of degrees awarded are University of Arkansas-Fort Smith (1,408 and 83.3%), Arkansas Colleges of Health Education (178 and 10.5%), and Designer Barber & Stylist School (53 and 3.14%).

The most popular majors in Fort Smith, AR are General Business Administration & Management (161 and 9.53%), Osteopathic Medicine/Osteopathy (143 and 8.46%), and Welding Technology (132 and 7.81%).

The median tuition cost in Fort Smith, AR for a public four year colleges is $4,200 for in-state students and $11,376 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

Measure

In 2020 in Fort Smith, AR, the percentage of applicants admitted was 100%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 80%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 6,308 (41.2% men and 58.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 6,308 students enrolled in Fort Smith, AR, 41.2% men and 58.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 3,712 records, of which 59.2% were women and 40.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 145 degrees awarded
  2. 85 degrees awarded
  3. 69 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fort Smith, AR was General Business Administration & Management with 145 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fort Smith, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,408 degrees awarded
  2. 178 degrees awarded
  3. 53 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arkansas-Fort Smith with 1,408 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 842 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fort Smith, AR, which is 0.993 times less than the 848 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,019 degrees mean that there were 3.96 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 257 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 4-year or above ($4,200) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,218) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,544) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Measure

In 2022, 0.946% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.851% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (793k), Some college (528k), and Secondary Education (350k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fort Smith, AR was $155,600 in 2022, which is 0.552 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $137,800 to $155,600, a 12.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Fort Smith, AR is 51.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Fort Smith, AR have an average commute time of 16.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Fort Smith, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Fort Smith, AR is $50,799. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Fort Smith, AR was Census Tract 10.02 with a value of $94,104, followed by Census Tract 13.01 and Census Tract 102.01, with respective values of $93,887 and $68,525.

Property

$155,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,686
$18,690
Median Property Taxes
±$1,075

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fort Smith, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Fort Smith, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

51.4%
Homeownership
2022
67.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 51.4% of the housing units in Fort Smith, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Fort Smith, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 10.02
  2. Census Tract 13.01
  3. Census Tract 102.01

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fort Smith, AR was Census Tract 10.02 with a value of $94,104, followed by Census Tract 13.01 and Census Tract 102.01, with respective values of $93,887 and $68,525.

The following map shows all of the places in Fort Smith, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$50,799
Median Household Income
± $2,552
36.4k
Number of Households
± 1,643

In 2022, the median household income of the 36.4k households in Fort Smith, AR grew to $50,799 from the previous year's value of $48,033.

The following chart displays the households in Fort Smith, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fort Smith, AR is from Arkansas.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Arkansas
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Arkansas

In 2022, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.376% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79.5%)
  2. Carpooled (10.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.33%)

In 2022, 79.5% of workers in Fort Smith, AR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.4%) and those who worked at home (6.33%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

16.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fort Smith, AR have a shorter commute time (16.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.42% of the workforce in Fort Smith, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fort Smith, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fort Smith, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fort Smith, AR have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fort Smith, AR (16.6k out of 87.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fort Smith, AR is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

87.3% of the population of Fort Smith, AR has health coverage, with 38.4% on employee plans, 24.4% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 2.14% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Sebastian County, AR see 761 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.55% decrease from the previous year (789 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1276 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 270 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Sebastian County, AR.
761 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Sebastian County, AR

Primary care physicians in Sebastian County, AR see an average of 761 patients per year. This represents a 3.55% decrease from the previous year (789 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Sebastian County, AR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.2% under 18 years, 23.4% between 18 and 34 years, 36.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.2% were men and 51.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

12.7%
Uninsured
38.4%
Employer Coverage
24.4%
Medicaid
11.7%
Medicare
10.6%
Non-Group
2.14%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fort Smith, AR declined by 5.04% from 13.4% to 12.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fort Smith, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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