Gainesville, FL

Census Place

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2022 Population
142,414
2.65% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marco Rubio
Republican Party
US Senator
Rick Scott
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
26
2.99% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
29%
1.67% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$43,783
6.95% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$216,600
18.8% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
68,127
0.608% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Gainesville, FL had a population of 142k people with a median age of 26 and a median household income of $43,783. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Gainesville, FL grew from 138,741 to 142,414, a 2.65% increase and its median household income grew from $40,937 to $43,783, a 6.95% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Gainesville, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (55.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (21.5%), White (Hispanic) (6.09%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.06%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.28%).

None of the households in Gainesville, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

94% of the residents in Gainesville, FL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL are University of Florida (18,084 degrees awarded in 2022), University of Florida-Online (834 degrees), and Academy for Five Element Acupuncture (40 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Gainesville, FL was $216,600, and the homeownership rate was 38.5%.

Most people in Gainesville, FL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Gainesville, FL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Gainesville

Population & Diversity

Gainesville, FL is home to a population of 142k people, from which 94% are citizens. As of 2022, 11.2% of Gainesville, FL residents were born outside of the country (15.9k people).

In 2022, there were 2.57 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (78.8k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 30.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 8.67k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

94%
2022 Citizenship
94%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 94% of Gainesville, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Gainesville, FL was 94%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Gainesville, FL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    78.8k ± 2.04k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    30.6k ± 1.58k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    8.67k ± 894
12.1%
Hispanic Population
17.2k people

In 2022, there were 2.57 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (78.8k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 30.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 8.67k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

12.1% of the people in Gainesville, FL are hispanic (17.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Gainesville, FL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.
Most Common Origin
  1. Cuba
    1,003,261 ± 24,014 people
  2. Haiti
    344,713 ± 14,299 people
  3. Colombia
    299,067 ± 13,333 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,003,261 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 344,713 and Colombia with 299,067.

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Foreign-Born Population

11.2%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
15.9k people
11.1%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
15.4k people

As of 2022, 11.2% of Gainesville, FL residents (15.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gainesville, FL was 11.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,660 ± 303
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,544 ± 411
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    963 ± 339

Gainesville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Gainesville, FL employs 68.1k people. The largest industries in Gainesville, FL are Educational Services (15,316 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,793 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (7,503 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($47,514), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,015), and Construction ($43,005).

Males in Florida have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,054. The income inequality in Florida (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

68.1k
2022 Value
± 2,556
0.608%
1 Year growth
± 5.3%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 0.608%, from 67.7k employees to 68.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gainesville, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,257 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (7,860 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,677 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

68.1k
2022 Value
± 2,556
0.608%
1 Year growth
± 5.3%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 0.608%, from 67.7k employees to 68.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gainesville, FL, are Educational Services (15,316 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,793 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (7,503 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gainesville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Gainesville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$33,359
Median earning men ± $1,150
$28,826
Median earning women ± $1,334

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($49,362), Construction ($42,909), and Manufacturing ($40,944).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($44,120), Public Administration ($39,742), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($39,153).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Y-Axis
4.23%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.69M people employed in Florida. This represents a 4.23% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 12.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Florida.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Florida went to Donald J. Trump with 51.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (47.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.635%).

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing the state of Florida. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Florida

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Marco Rubio
Senator from Florida3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Rick Scott
Senator from Florida1
Assumed office on January 8, 2019
Inauguration delayed in order to finish his term as Governor of Florida.

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing Florida.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Florida over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Florida

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Florida have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Gainesville, FL awarded 18,981 degrees. The student population of Gainesville, FL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 26,303 male students and 34,456 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gainesville, FL are White (9,993 and 56.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (3,991 and 22.4%), Asian (1,376 and 7.72%), and Black or African American (1,096 and 6.15%).

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (18,084 and 95.3%), University of Florida-Online (834 and 4.39%), and Academy for Five Element Acupuncture (40 and 0.211%).

The most popular majors in Gainesville, FL are General Business Administration & Management (1,660 and 8.75%), General Psychology (698 and 3.68%), and General Biological Sciences (613 and 3.23%).

The median tuition cost in Gainesville, FL for a public four year colleges is $3,918 for in-state students and $20,347 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Gainesville, FL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 24.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 46.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 60,759 (43.3% men and 56.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 60,759 students enrolled in Gainesville, FL, 43.3% men and 56.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 30,286 records, of which 57.8% were women and 42.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 647 degrees awarded
  2. 641 degrees awarded
  3. 613 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gainesville, FL was General Psychology with 647 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gainesville, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 18,084 degrees awarded
  2. 834 degrees awarded
  3. 40 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 18,084 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 7,959 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gainesville, FL, which is 0.722 times less than the 11,022 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 9,993 degrees mean that there were 2.5 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 3,991 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($3,918) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,211) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($810) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Measure

In 2022, 1.19% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.2% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (4.97M), Some college (3.58M), and Bachelors Degree (3.32M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gainesville, FL was $216,600 in 2022, which is 0.768 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $182,400 to $216,600, a 18.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Gainesville, FL is 38.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Gainesville, FL have an average commute time of 18.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Gainesville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Gainesville, FL is $43,783. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Gainesville, FL was Census Tract 11 with a value of $109,459, followed by Census Tract 22.04 and Census Tract 1108, with respective values of $105,817 and $99,063.

Property

$216,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,449
$21,238
Median Property Taxes
±$1,177

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Gainesville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

38.5%
Homeownership
2022
63.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 38.5% of the housing units in Gainesville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 39.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Gainesville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 11
  2. Census Tract 22.04
  3. Census Tract 1108

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gainesville, FL was Census Tract 11 with a value of $109,459, followed by Census Tract 22.04 and Census Tract 1108, with respective values of $105,817 and $99,063.

The following map shows all of the places in Gainesville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$43,783
Median Household Income
± $2,064
55.2k
Number of Households
± 2,070

In 2022, the median household income of the 55.2k households in Gainesville, FL grew to $43,783 from the previous year's value of $40,937.

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gainesville, FL is from Florida.
0.474
2022 Wage GINI in Florida
0.473
2021 Wage GINI in Florida

In 2022, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.285% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (64%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.8%)
  3. Carpooled (10.3%)

In 2022, 64% of workers in Gainesville, FL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.8%) and those who carpooled to work (10.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gainesville, FL have a shorter commute time (18.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.22% of the workforce in Gainesville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gainesville, FL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

29% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gainesville, FL (36.8k out of 127k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gainesville, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91.5% of the population of Gainesville, FL has health coverage, with 51.3% on employee plans, 10.8% on Medicaid, 7% on Medicare, 20.3% on non-group plans, and 1.99% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see 627 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.03% decrease from the previous year (640 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 534 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 149 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Alachua County, FL.
627 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alachua County, FL

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see an average of 627 patients per year. This represents a 2.03% decrease from the previous year (640 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alachua County, FL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 18.9% under 18 years, 47% between 18 and 34 years, 23.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 10.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.7% were men and 53.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.55%
Uninsured
51.3%
Employer Coverage
10.8%
Medicaid
7%
Medicare
20.3%
Non-Group
1.99%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gainesville, FL declined by 2.75% from 8.79% to 8.55%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gainesville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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