Jackson County, MI

County

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2022 Population
160,637
0.0796% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41.1
0.964% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
12.1%
1.07% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$62,581
8.37% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$166,700
12.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
69,264
1.06% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Jackson County, MI had a population of 161k people with a median age of 41.1 and a median household income of $62,581. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jackson County, MI declined from 160,765 to 160,637, a −0.0796% decrease and its median household income grew from $57,746 to $62,581, a 8.37% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jackson County, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (83%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.78%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.21%), White (Hispanic) (1.68%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.44%).

None of the households in Jackson County, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Jackson County, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County, MI are Spring Arbor University (987 degrees awarded in 2022) and Jackson College (889 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Jackson County, MI was $166,700, and the homeownership rate was 74.4%.

Most people in Jackson County, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County, MI was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Phyllis Haehnle Memorial Audubon Sanctuary

Population & Diversity

Jackson County, MI is home to a population of 161k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.97% of Jackson County, MI residents were born outside of the country (3.16k people).

In 2022, there were 10.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (133k people) in Jackson County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.76k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99%
2022 Citizenship
99%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99% of Jackson County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County, MI was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jackson County, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    133k ± 451
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    12.5k ± 559
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    6.76k ± 784
3.81%
Hispanic Population
6.12k people

In 2022, there were 10.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (133k people) in Jackson County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.76k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.81% of the people in Jackson County, MI are hispanic (6.12k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jackson County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    79,402 ± 6,891 people
  2. India
    76,527 ± 6,766 people
  3. Iraq
    57,451 ± 5,868 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 79,402 Michigan residents, followed by India with 76,527 and Iraq with 57,451.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.97%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.16k people
1.98%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.18k people

As of 2022, 1.97% of Jackson County, MI residents (3.16k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County, MI was 1.98%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,151 ± 403
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,560 ± 352
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,145 ± 232

Jackson County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jackson County, MI employs 69.3k people. The largest industries in Jackson County, MI are Manufacturing (13,537 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,295 people), and Retail Trade (6,413 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($110,605), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($68,942), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,032).

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,244. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

69.3k
2022 Value
± 1,954
−1.06%
1 Year decline
± 4.03%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson County, MI declined at a rate of −1.06%, from 70k employees to 69.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,188 people), Production Occupations (7,307 people), and Management Occupations (7,093 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

69.3k
2022 Value
± 1,954
−1.06%
1 Year decline
± 4.03%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson County, MI declined at a rate of −1.06%, from 70k employees to 69.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County, MI, are Manufacturing (13,537 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,295 people), and Retail Trade (6,413 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$50,584
Median earning men ± $1,756
$34,493
Median earning women ± $1,441

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($72,929), Public Administration ($70,101), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($57,633).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($52,670), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($43,824), and Manufacturing ($42,315).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
2.16%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.37M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.16% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 23.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,186
    Manufacturing
  2. 1,169
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. 643
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jackson County, MI went to Donald J. Trump with 58.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (39.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.38%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jackson County, MI awarded 1,876 degrees. The student population of Jackson County, MI in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,029 male students and 4,611 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County, MI are White (1,323 and 70.8%), followed by Unknown (236 and 12.6%), Black or African American (174 and 9.31%), and Hispanic or Latino (57 and 3.05%).

The largest universities in Jackson County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Spring Arbor University (987 and 52.6%) and Jackson College (889 and 47.4%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County, MI are Nursing Administration (427 and 22.8%), General Business Administration & Management (207 and 11%), and Social Work (177 and 9.43%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson County, MI are $31,020 for private four year colleges, and $5,970 and $7,920 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jackson County, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 47.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 6,640 (30.6% men and 69.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 6,640 students enrolled in Jackson County, MI, 30.6% men and 69.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,637 records, of which 70.3% were women and 29.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 128 degrees awarded
  2. 120 degrees awarded
  3. 112 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jackson County, MI was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 128 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jackson County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 987 degrees awarded
  2. 889 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Spring Arbor University with 987 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 474 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County, MI, which is 0.338 times less than the 1,402 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,323 degrees mean that there were 5.61 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 236 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($31,020) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,455) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($800) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Measure

In 2022, 0.784% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.801% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.31M), Some college (1.92M), and Bachelors Degree (1.42M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County, MI was $166,700 in 2022, which is 0.591 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $148,500 to $166,700, a 12.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson County, MI is 74.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jackson County, MI have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jackson County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jackson County, MI is $62,581. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jackson County, MI was Census Tract 63.04 with a value of $124,792, followed by Census Tract 68.04 and Census Tract 63.01, with respective values of $91,512 and $91,083.

In 2022, 13.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jackson County, MI. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 2.14%.

Property

$166,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,478
$46,194
Median Property Taxes
±$1,497

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jackson County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74.4%
Homeownership
2022
62.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 74.4% of the housing units in Jackson County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jackson County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 63.04
  2. Census Tract 68.04
  3. Census Tract 63.01

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County, MI was Census Tract 63.04 with a value of $124,792, followed by Census Tract 68.04 and Census Tract 63.01, with respective values of $91,512 and $91,083.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jackson County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$62,581
Median Household Income
± $1,580
62.1k
Number of Households
± 1,721

In 2022, the median household income of the 62.1k households in Jackson County, MI grew to $62,581 from the previous year's value of $57,746.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson County, MI is from Michigan.
0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.468
2021 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2022, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.473% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (81%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.09%)
  3. Carpooled (7.68%)

In 2022, 81% of workers in Jackson County, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.09%) and those who carpooled to work (7.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County, MI have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.79% of the workforce in Jackson County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County, MI have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 13.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jackson County, MI. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 2.14%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

12.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County, MI (18.3k out of 151k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 16.8% of the children was living in poverty in Jackson County, MI. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 13.2%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 476 in Jackson County, MI. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 75.5 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

94.3% of the population of Jackson County, MI has health coverage, with 46.1% on employee plans, 20.5% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.21% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, MI see 2264 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.22% decrease from the previous year (2269 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1453 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 321 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,264 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jackson County, MI

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, MI see an average of 2,264 patients per year. This represents a 0.22% decrease from the previous year (2,269 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jackson County, MI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.7% under 18 years, 19.8% between 18 and 34 years, 37.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.74%
Uninsured
46.1%
Employer Coverage
20.5%
Medicaid
14.4%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
1.21%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County, MI grew by 1.68% from 5.65% to 5.74%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 52.3 in Jackson County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jackson County, MI.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 39.2% in Jackson County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jackson County, MI.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 6.85% in Jackson County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jackson County, MI.

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