Jefferson County, TN

County

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2022 Population
55,017
1.21% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
US Senator
Bill Hagerty
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
44.4
0.68% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
11.1%
10.9% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$60,393
11.1% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$183,800
13.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
25,277
4.48% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Jefferson County, TN had a population of 55k people with a median age of 44.4 and a median household income of $60,393. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jefferson County, TN grew from 54,358 to 55,017, a 1.21% increase and its median household income grew from $54,371 to $60,393, a 11.1% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (91%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.36%), White (Hispanic) (1.86%), Two+ (Hispanic) (1.8%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.68%).

None of the households in Jefferson County, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.7% of the residents in Jefferson County, TN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, TN are Carson-Newman University (901 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Jefferson County, TN was $183,800, and the homeownership rate was 74.5%.

Most people in Jefferson County, TN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, TN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Jefferson County, TN is home to a population of 55k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.14% of Jefferson County, TN residents were born outside of the country (1.18k people).

In 2022, there were 38.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (50.1k people) in Jefferson County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.3k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 1.02k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.7%
2022 Citizenship
98.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.7% of Jefferson County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, TN was 98.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, TN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    50.1k ± 268
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.3k ± 252
  3. White (Hispanic)
    1.02k ± 371
3.87%
Hispanic Population
2.13k people

In 2022, there were 38.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (50.1k people) in Jefferson County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.3k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 1.02k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.87% of the people in Jefferson County, TN are hispanic (2.13k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    84,446 ± 7,091 people
  2. India
    23,758 ± 3,778 people
  3. Guatemala
    22,245 ± 3,656 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 84,446 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 23,758 and Guatemala with 22,245.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.14%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.18k people
2.42%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.31k people

As of 2022, 2.14% of Jefferson County, TN residents (1.18k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, TN was 2.42%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,325 ± 264
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    984 ± 292
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    747 ± 257

Jefferson County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, TN employs 25.3k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, TN are Retail Trade (4,197 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,236 people), and Manufacturing (3,043 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,895), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,582), and Utilities ($60,929).

Males in Tennessee have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,544. The income inequality in Tennessee (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

25.3k
2022 Value
± 1,349
4.48%
1 Year growth
± 7.2%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jefferson County, TN grew at a rate of 4.48%, from 24.2k employees to 25.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, TN, are Sales & Related Occupations (3,377 people), Management Occupations (2,258 people), and Production Occupations (2,246 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, TN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

25.3k
2022 Value
± 1,349
4.48%
1 Year growth
± 7.2%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jefferson County, TN grew at a rate of 4.48%, from 24.2k employees to 25.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, TN, are Retail Trade (4,197 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,236 people), and Manufacturing (3,043 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$44,459
Median earning men ± $2,574
$32,231
Median earning women ± $2,740

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($99,728), Information ($69,286), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,719).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($63,750), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,625), and Construction ($43,750).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Y-Axis
3.15%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.29M people employed in Tennessee. This represents a 3.15% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Tennessee.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 279
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 204
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 170
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, TN went to Donald J. Trump with 79% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (19.7%), followed by Other (1.32%).

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Tennessee have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jefferson County, TN awarded 901 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, TN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 934 male students and 1,652 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, TN are White (741 and 84.9%), followed by Black or African American (64 and 7.33%), Hispanic or Latino (27 and 3.09%), and Two or More Races (18 and 2.06%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, TN by number of degrees awarded are Carson-Newman University (901 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, TN are Educational, Instructional, & Curriculum Supervision (145 and 16.1%), General Business Administration & Management (129 and 14.3%), and Family Practice Nurse (90 and 9.99%).

The median tuition cost in Jefferson County, TN for private four year colleges is $31,300.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jefferson County, TN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 12.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 2,586 (36.1% men and 63.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 2,586 students enrolled in Jefferson County, TN, 36.1% men and 63.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,937 records, of which 67.4% were women and 32.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 47 degrees awarded
  2. 32 degrees awarded
  3. 52 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County, TN was Registered Nursing with 47 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
901 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Carson-Newman University with 901 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 296 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, TN, which is 0.489 times less than the 605 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 741 degrees mean that there were 11.6 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 64 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($31,300) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,700) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Measure

In 2022, 0.806% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.744% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.75M), Some college (1.2M), and Bachelors Degree (956k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, TN was $183,800 in 2022, which is 0.652 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $162,000 to $183,800, a 13.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, TN is 74.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jefferson County, TN have an average commute time of 27.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jefferson County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jefferson County, TN is $60,393. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, TN was Census Tract 705 with a value of $71,542, followed by Census Tract 702 and Census Tract 704, with respective values of $64,494 and $64,297.

In 2022, 12.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 2.45%.

Property

$183,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$10,161
$15,505
Median Property Taxes
±$957

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jefferson County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74.5%
Homeownership
2022
68%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 74.5% of the housing units in Jefferson County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jefferson County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 705
  2. Census Tract 702
  3. Census Tract 704

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, TN was Census Tract 705 with a value of $71,542, followed by Census Tract 702 and Census Tract 704, with respective values of $64,494 and $64,297.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$60,393
Median Household Income
± $3,332
20.8k
Number of Households
± 1,127

In 2022, the median household income of the 20.8k households in Jefferson County, TN grew to $60,393 from the previous year's value of $54,371.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, TN is from Tennessee.
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in Tennessee
0.463
2021 Wage GINI in Tennessee

In 2022, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.289% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (83.7%)
  2. Carpooled (8.62%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.56%)

In 2022, 83.7% of workers in Jefferson County, TN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.62%) and those who worked at home (5.56%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

27.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, TN have a longer commute time (27.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.32% of the workforce in Jefferson County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, TN have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 12.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 2.45%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, TN (5.92k out of 53.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, TN is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 18.5% of the children was living in poverty in Jefferson County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 8.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 247 in Jefferson County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.537 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

90.6% of the population of Jefferson County, TN has health coverage, with 42.6% on employee plans, 17% on Medicaid, 16.5% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 2.08% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, TN see 2477 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.69% decrease from the previous year (2572 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4609 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2765 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.5% were men and 51.5% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,477 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, TN

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, TN see an average of 2,477 patients per year. This represents a 3.69% decrease from the previous year (2,572 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, TN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 20.6% under 18 years, 19% between 18 and 34 years, 40.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.5% were men and 51.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.38%
Uninsured
42.6%
Employer Coverage
17%
Medicaid
16.5%
Medicare
12.4%
Non-Group
2.08%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, TN declined by 6.58% from 10% to 9.38%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 61.5 in Jefferson County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, TN.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 37.5% in Jefferson County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, TN.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 13.1% in Jefferson County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, TN.

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