Letcher County, KY

County

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2022 Population
21,490
1.35% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
42.7
0.471% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
29%
7.08% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$38,466
9.04% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$66,000
7.67% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Letcher County, KY had a population of 21.5k people with a median age of 42.7 and a median household income of $38,466. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Letcher County, KY declined from 21,784 to 21,490, a −1.35% decrease and its median household income grew from $35,278 to $38,466, a 9.04% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Letcher County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (96.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.19%), White (Hispanic) (0.726%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.656%), and Other (Non-Hispanic) (0.233%).

None of the households in Letcher County, KY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.9% of the residents in Letcher County, KY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Letcher County, KY are Allure Beauty College (12 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Letcher County, KY was $66,000, and the homeownership rate was 74%.

Most people in Letcher County, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Letcher County, KY was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Letcher County, KY is home to a population of 21.5k people, from which 99.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 0.428% of Letcher County, KY residents were born outside of the country (92 people).

In 2022, there were 81.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (20.8k people) in Letcher County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 255 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 156 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.9%
2022 Citizenship
99.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.9% of Letcher County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Letcher County, KY was 99.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Letcher County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Letcher County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    20.8k ± 98
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    255 ± 90.7
  3. White (Hispanic)
    156 ± 64
0.926%
Hispanic Population
199 people

In 2022, there were 81.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (20.8k people) in Letcher County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 255 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 156 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

0.926% of the people in Letcher County, KY are hispanic (199 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Letcher County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

0.428%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
92 people
0.528%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
115 people

As of 2022, 0.428% of Letcher County, KY residents (92 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Letcher County, KY was 0.528%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Letcher County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    407 ± 115
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    134 ± 61
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    121 ± 84

Letcher County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Letcher County, KY employs 6.99k people. The largest industries in Letcher County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,557 people), Educational Services (1,046 people), and Retail Trade (985 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,947), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($71,683), and Transportation & Warehousing ($55,669).

Occupations

6.99k
2022 Value
± 649
2.82%
1 Year growth
± 13%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Letcher County, KY grew at a rate of 2.82%, from 6.8k employees to 6.99k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Letcher County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (864 people), Sales & Related Occupations (743 people), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (590 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Letcher County, KY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

6.99k
2022 Value
± 649
2.82%
1 Year growth
± 13%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Letcher County, KY grew at a rate of 2.82%, from 6.8k employees to 6.99k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Letcher County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,557 people), Educational Services (1,046 people), and Retail Trade (985 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Letcher County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Letcher County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$39,688
Median earning men ± $6,337
$28,886
Median earning women ± $3,639

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($71,683), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,039), and Public Administration ($55,295).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($40,833), Wholesale Trade ($38,438), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($34,317).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Y-Axis
2.51%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.98M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 2.51% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 188
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 97
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 74
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Letcher County, KY went to Donald J. Trump with 79.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (19.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.755%).

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Letcher County, KY awarded 12 degrees. The student population of Letcher County, KY in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 0 male students and 25 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Letcher County, KY are White (12 and 100%), followed by Asian (0 and 0%), Black or African American (0 and 0%), and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Letcher County, KY by number of degrees awarded are Allure Beauty College (12 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Letcher County, KY are General Cosmetology (12 and 100%) and Cosmetology, Barber, & Nail Instructor (0 and 0%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Measure

In 2022, 0.821% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.756% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.17M), Some college (766k), and Secondary Education (551k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Letcher County, KY was $66,000 in 2022, which is 0.234 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $61,300 to $66,000, a 7.67% increase. The homeownership rate in Letcher County, KY is 74%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Letcher County, KY have an average commute time of 27.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Letcher County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Letcher County, KY is $38,466. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Letcher County, KY was Census Tract 9504.01 with a value of $47,813, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $31,114 and $28,036.

Property

$66,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,932
$6,231
Median Property Taxes
±$592

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Letcher County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Letcher County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74%
Homeownership
2022
65.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 74% of the housing units in Letcher County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Letcher County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9504.01
  2. Census Tract 9505
  3. Census Tract 9501

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Letcher County, KY was Census Tract 9504.01 with a value of $47,813, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $31,114 and $28,036.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Letcher County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$38,466
Median Household Income
± $3,232
8.42k
Number of Households
± 677

In 2022, the median household income of the 8.42k households in Letcher County, KY grew to $38,466 from the previous year's value of $35,278.

The following chart displays the households in Letcher County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Letcher County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.453
2021 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2022, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.286% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (72.9%)
  2. Carpooled (11.5%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.86%)

In 2022, 72.9% of workers in Letcher County, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.5%) and those who worked at home (8.86%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

27.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Letcher County, KY have a longer commute time (27.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.24% of the workforce in Letcher County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Letcher County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Letcher County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Letcher County, KY have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

29% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Letcher County, KY (6.08k out of 21k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Letcher County, KY is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.2% of the population of Letcher County, KY has health coverage, with 26% on employee plans, 43.2% on Medicaid, 17.3% on Medicare, 7.98% on non-group plans, and 1.8% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Letcher County, KY see 1437 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.97% increase from the previous year (1369 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2652 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1178 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.9% were men and 51.1% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,437 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Letcher County, KY

Primary care physicians in Letcher County, KY see an average of 1,437 patients per year. This represents a 4.97% increase from the previous year (1,369 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Letcher County, KY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.8% under 18 years, 16.7% between 18 and 34 years, 40.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.9% were men and 51.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.79%
Uninsured
26%
Employer Coverage
43.2%
Medicaid
17.3%
Medicare
7.98%
Non-Group
1.8%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Letcher County, KY grew by 2.4% from 3.7% to 3.79%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Letcher County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 53 in Letcher County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Letcher County, KY.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 42.4% in Letcher County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Letcher County, KY.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.01% in Letcher County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Letcher County, KY.

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