Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
114,775
0.585% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
40
0.249% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
10.9%
3.66% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$67,156
6.86% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$156,000
10.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
51,730
0.363% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY had a population of 115k people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $67,156. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY declined from 115,450 to 114,775, a −0.585% decrease and its median household income grew from $62,844 to $67,156, a 6.86% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (90.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.93%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.83%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.12%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.07%).

4.65% of the households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are SUNY Cortland (1,744 degrees awarded in 2022), Colgate University (950 degrees), and SUNY Morrisville (495 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was $156,000, and the homeownership rate was 72.8%.

Most people in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY is home to a population of 115k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.69% of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY residents were born outside of the country (3.09k people).

In 2022, there were 31 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (104k people) in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.37k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 2.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are Spanish (1,242 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (471 households), and Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (420 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
57,702
Women
50.1%
57,477
Men
49.9%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 115,179 inhabitants, with 49.9% men, and 50.1% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

99%
2022 Citizenship
98.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99% of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    104k ± 542
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    3.37k ± 522
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.1k ± 199
2.7%
Hispanic Population
3.1k people

In 2022, there were 31 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (104k people) in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.37k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 2.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.7% of the people in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are hispanic (3.1k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. China
    291 ± 418 people
  2. Canada
    239 ± 379 people
  3. Germany
    135 ± 285 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was China, the natal country of 291 Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY residents, followed by Canada with 239 and Germany with 135.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.69%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.09k people
2.57%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
2.97k people

As of 2022, 2.69% of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY residents (3.09k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was 2.57%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    1,242 households (1.14%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    471 households (0.431%)
  3. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages
    420 households (0.384%)

4.65% of the households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was Spanish. 1.14% of the households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,222 ± 182
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,214 ± 266
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,168 ± 213

Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.83 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY employs 51.7k people. The largest industries in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (4,238 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,183 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,788 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of other health practitioners ($256,249), Plastics product manufacturing ($243,844), and Legal services ($135,882).

Males in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,835. The income inequality in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
26,773
Women
49.9%
26,916
Men
50.1%

The workforce of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY in 2020 was 53,689 people, with 49.9% woman, and 50.1% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY.

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Occupations

51.7k
2022 Value
0.363%
1 Year growth
± 0.363%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 0.363%, from 51.5k employees to 51.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY, are Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (1,337 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,303 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,248 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

51.7k
2022 Value
0.363%
1 Year growth
± 0.363%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 0.363%, from 51.5k employees to 51.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY, are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (4,238 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,183 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,788 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY, though some of these residents may live in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,927
Median earning men ± $1,514
$34,460
Median earning women ± $1,380

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($75,921), Public Administration ($64,516), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,755).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($51,500), Public Administration ($51,448), and Construction ($48,203).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Y-Axis
2.74%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.56M people employed in New York. This represents a 2.74% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 19.7%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New York went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 60.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (37.5%), followed by Other (0.813%).

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY awarded 3,451 degrees. The student population of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 5,490 male students and 6,889 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are White (2,514 and 75.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (327 and 9.83%), Black or African American (219 and 6.58%), and Unknown (108 and 3.25%).

The largest universities in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY by number of degrees awarded are SUNY Cortland (1,744 and 50.5%), Colgate University (950 and 27.5%), and SUNY Morrisville (495 and 14.3%).

The most popular majors in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are Physical Education Teaching & Coaching (182 and 5.27%), Elementary Education & Teaching (154 and 4.46%), and Sport & Fitness Management (141 and 4.09%).

The median tuition costs in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY are $49,965 for private four year colleges, and $7,070 and $16,980 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY, the percentage of applicants admitted was 36.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 12,379 (44.3% men and 55.7% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 12,379 students enrolled in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY, 44.3% men and 55.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 8,632 records, of which 57.6% were women and 42.4% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was Elementary Education & Teaching with 144 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,744 degrees awarded
  2. 950 degrees awarded
  3. 495 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was SUNY Cortland with 1,744 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,384 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY, which is 0.67 times less than the 2,067 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 2,514 degrees mean that there were 7.69 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 327 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($49,965) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,708) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,300) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.592% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.484% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (30k), Some college (23.7k), and Associates Degree (11.7k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was $156,000 in 2022, which is 0.553 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $141,000 to $156,000, a 10.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY is 72.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY have an average commute time of 22.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY is $67,156. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was NYC-Manhattan Community Districts 1 & 2--Financial District & Greenwich Village PUMA, NY with a value of $171,480, followed by Nassau County (Central)--Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $168,423 and $167,513.

Property

$156,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,820
$31,819
Median Property Taxes
±$986

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

72.8%
Homeownership
2022
61.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 72.8% of the housing units in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was NYC-Manhattan Community Districts 1 & 2--Financial District & Greenwich Village PUMA, NY with a value of $171,480, followed by Nassau County (Central)--Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $168,423 and $167,513.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$67,156
Median Household Income
± $1,817
43.7k
Number of Households
± 1,310

In 2022, the median household income of the 43.7k households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY grew to $67,156 from the previous year's value of $62,844.

The following chart displays the households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY
0.458
2021 Wage GINI in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY

In 2022, the income inequality in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0747% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (76.5%)
  2. Carpooled (8.36%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.69%)

In 2022, 76.5% of workers in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.36%) and those who worked at home (7.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY have a shorter commute time (22.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.25% of the workforce in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

10.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY (11.5k out of 106k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.6% of the population of Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY has health coverage, with 50.3% on employee plans, 17.9% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 13.5% on non-group plans, and 1.18% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New York see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1194 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1192 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 308 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
1,180 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New York

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1,194 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.9% under 18 years, 23.2% between 18 and 34 years, 37.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.1% were men and 50.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.44%
Uninsured
50.3%
Employer Coverage
17.9%
Medicaid
13.7%
Medicare
13.5%
Non-Group
1.18%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY declined by 6.66% from 3.68% to 3.44%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison & Cortland Counties PUMA, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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