Memphis, TN

Census Place

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2022 Population
630,027
0.648% 1-year decline
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
US Senator
Bill Hagerty
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
34.5
0.877% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
23.6%
2.52% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$48,090
9.34% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$139,600
22.8% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
284,621
0.6% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Memphis, TN had a population of 630k people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $48,090. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Memphis, TN declined from 634,139 to 630,027, a −0.648% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,981 to $48,090, a 9.34% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Memphis, TN are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (64.1%), White (Non-Hispanic) (24.1%), Other (Hispanic) (3.53%), White (Hispanic) (2.38%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.75%).

None of the households in Memphis, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.8% of the residents in Memphis, TN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Memphis, TN are University of Memphis (4,862 degrees awarded in 2022), The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (1,254 degrees), and Southwest Tennessee Community College (221485) (1,106 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Memphis, TN was $139,600, and the homeownership rate was 46.6%.

Most people in Memphis, TN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Memphis, TN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Memphis, TN is home to a population of 630k people, from which 95.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.31% of Memphis, TN residents were born outside of the country (39.8k people).

In 2022, there were 2.66 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (404k people) in Memphis, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 152k White (Non-Hispanic) and 22.3k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.8%
2022 Citizenship
96%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.8% of Memphis, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Memphis, TN was 96%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Memphis, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Memphis, TN
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    404k ± 3.39k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    152k ± 2.77k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    22.3k ± 2.26k
8.02%
Hispanic Population
50.5k people

In 2022, there were 2.66 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (404k people) in Memphis, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 152k White (Non-Hispanic) and 22.3k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.02% of the people in Memphis, TN are hispanic (50.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Memphis, TN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    84,446 ± 7,091 people
  2. India
    23,758 ± 3,778 people
  3. Guatemala
    22,245 ± 3,656 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 84,446 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 23,758 and Guatemala with 22,245.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.31%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
39.8k people
6.14%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
39k people

As of 2022, 6.31% of Memphis, TN residents (39.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Memphis, TN was 6.14%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Memphis, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    9,394 ± 611
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    5,977 ± 919
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    4,141 ± 543

Memphis, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Memphis, TN employs 285k people. The largest industries in Memphis, TN are Transportation & Warehousing (40,671 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (39,249 people), and Retail Trade (30,515 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($61,429), Utilities ($56,774), and Finance & Insurance ($55,758).

Males in Tennessee have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,544. The income inequality in Tennessee (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

285k
2022 Value
± 4,925
0.6%
1 Year growth
± 2.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Memphis, TN grew at a rate of 0.6%, from 283k employees to 285k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Memphis, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (38,078 people), Material Moving Occupations (30,111 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (24,300 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Memphis, TN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

285k
2022 Value
± 4,925
0.6%
1 Year growth
± 2.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Memphis, TN grew at a rate of 0.6%, from 283k employees to 285k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Memphis, TN, are Transportation & Warehousing (40,671 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (39,249 people), and Retail Trade (30,515 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Memphis, TN, though some of these residents may live in Memphis, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$40,064
Median earning men ± $1,121
$34,487
Median earning women ± $652

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($63,773), Public Administration ($59,064), and Information ($51,954).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($47,284), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($44,881), and Information ($43,719).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Y-Axis
3.15%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.29M people employed in Tennessee. This represents a 3.15% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Tennessee.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Tennessee went to Donald J. Trump with 60.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.978%).

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Tennessee have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Memphis, TN awarded 11,328 degrees. The student population of Memphis, TN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 16,777 male students and 28,140 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Memphis, TN are White (4,766 and 43.9%), followed by Black or African American (4,118 and 38%), Hispanic or Latino (625 and 5.76%), and Unknown (525 and 4.84%).

The largest universities in Memphis, TN by number of degrees awarded are University of Memphis (4,862 and 42.9%), The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (1,254 and 11.1%), and Southwest Tennessee Community College (221485) (1,106 and 9.76%).

The most popular majors in Memphis, TN are Registered Nursing (721 and 6.36%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (684 and 6.04%), and General Business Administration & Management (610 and 5.38%).

The median tuition costs in Memphis, TN are $19,964 for private four year colleges, and $9,024 and $16,501 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Memphis, TN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 83.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 44,917 (37.4% men and 62.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 44,917 students enrolled in Memphis, TN, 37.4% men and 62.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 17,785 records, of which 70.3% were women and 29.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 269 degrees awarded
  2. 542 degrees awarded
  3. 375 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Memphis, TN was General Business Administration & Management with 269 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Memphis, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,862 degrees awarded
  2. 1,254 degrees awarded
  3. 1,106 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Memphis with 4,862 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,824 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Memphis, TN, which is 0.51 times less than the 7,504 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,766 degrees mean that there were 1.16 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 4,118 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($19,964) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,581) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Measure

In 2022, 0.806% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.744% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.75M), Some college (1.2M), and Bachelors Degree (956k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Memphis, TN was $139,600 in 2022, which is 0.495 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $113,700 to $139,600, a 22.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Memphis, TN is 46.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Memphis, TN have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Memphis, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Memphis, TN is $48,090. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Memphis, TN was Census Tract 96 with a value of $163,500, followed by Census Tract 211.39 and Census Tract 85, with respective values of $157,760 and $151,842.

Property

$139,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,858
$117,165
Median Property Taxes
±$2,859

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Memphis, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Memphis, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

46.6%
Homeownership
2022
64.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 46.6% of the housing units in Memphis, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 46.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Memphis, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 96
  2. Census Tract 211.39
  3. Census Tract 85

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Memphis, TN was Census Tract 96 with a value of $163,500, followed by Census Tract 211.39 and Census Tract 85, with respective values of $157,760 and $151,842.

The following map shows all of the places in Memphis, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,090
Median Household Income
± $1,364
252k
Number of Households
± 4,474

In 2022, the median household income of the 252k households in Memphis, TN grew to $48,090 from the previous year's value of $43,981.

The following chart displays the households in Memphis, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Memphis, TN is from Tennessee.
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in Tennessee
0.463
2021 Wage GINI in Tennessee

In 2022, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.289% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79.1%)
  2. Carpooled (10.3%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.45%)

In 2022, 79.1% of workers in Memphis, TN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.3%) and those who worked at home (6.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Memphis, TN have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.01% of the workforce in Memphis, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Memphis, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Memphis, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Memphis, TN have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

23.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Memphis, TN (145k out of 615k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Memphis, TN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

85.6% of the population of Memphis, TN has health coverage, with 40.2% on employee plans, 23.4% on Medicaid, 9.53% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1.16% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, TN see 1139 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1161 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1333 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 617 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Shelby County, TN.
1,139 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Shelby County, TN

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, TN see an average of 1,139 patients per year. This represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1,161 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Shelby County, TN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.1% under 18 years, 24.9% between 18 and 34 years, 35.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.6% were men and 54.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

14.4%
Uninsured
40.2%
Employer Coverage
23.4%
Medicaid
9.53%
Medicare
11.4%
Non-Group
1.16%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Memphis, TN grew by 1.06% from 14.2% to 14.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Memphis, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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