Norfolk, VA

Census Place

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2022 Population
236,973
0.664% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
32.2
4.21% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
16.9%
3.09% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$60,998
8.45% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$254,200
13.8% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
102,606
0.582% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Norfolk, VA had a population of 237k people with a median age of 32.2 and a median household income of $60,998. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Norfolk, VA declined from 238,556 to 236,973, a −0.664% decrease and its median household income grew from $56,244 to $60,998, a 8.45% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Norfolk, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (42.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (40.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.52%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.76%), and Other (Hispanic) (3.05%).

None of the households in Norfolk, VA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.5% of the residents in Norfolk, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Norfolk, VA are Old Dominion University (5,241 degrees awarded in 2022), Tidewater Community College (233772) (3,462 degrees), and Norfolk State University (865 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Norfolk, VA was $254,200, and the homeownership rate was 44.8%.

Most people in Norfolk, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Norfolk, VA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Norfolk, VA is home to a population of 237k people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 7.27% of Norfolk, VA residents were born outside of the country (17.2k people).

In 2022, there were 1.05 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (100k people) in Norfolk, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 94.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 10.7k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.5%
2022 Citizenship
96.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.5% of Norfolk, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Norfolk, VA was 96.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Norfolk, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Norfolk, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    100k ± 327
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    94.9k ± 901
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    10.7k ± 852
8.73%
Hispanic Population
20.7k people

In 2022, there were 1.05 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (100k people) in Norfolk, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 94.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 10.7k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.73% of the people in Norfolk, VA are hispanic (20.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Norfolk, VA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    107,605 ± 8,003 people
  2. India
    98,735 ± 7,670 people
  3. Mexico
    59,855 ± 5,986 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,605 Virginia residents, followed by India with 98,735 and Mexico with 59,855.

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Foreign-Born Population

7.27%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
17.2k people
7.25%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
17.3k people

As of 2022, 7.27% of Norfolk, VA residents (17.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Norfolk, VA was 7.25%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Norfolk, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    11,935 ± 870
  2. Vietnam
    4,671 ± 393
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    4,300 ± 562

Norfolk, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Norfolk, VA employs 103k people. The largest industries in Norfolk, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,494 people), Retail Trade (11,761 people), and Educational Services (10,293 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,500), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($67,915), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($64,808).

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $69,674. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

103k
2022 Value
± 2,624
0.582%
1 Year growth
± 3.52%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Norfolk, VA grew at a rate of 0.582%, from 102k employees to 103k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Norfolk, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,202 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,636 people), and Management Occupations (8,168 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Norfolk, VA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

103k
2022 Value
± 2,624
0.582%
1 Year growth
± 3.52%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Norfolk, VA grew at a rate of 0.582%, from 102k employees to 103k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Norfolk, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,494 people), Retail Trade (11,761 people), and Educational Services (10,293 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Norfolk, VA, though some of these residents may live in Norfolk, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,068
Median earning men ± $1,892
$32,675
Median earning women ± $1,136

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($63,709), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($57,450), and Manufacturing ($53,956).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($57,851), Construction ($46,892), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($41,528).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
2.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.1M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 2.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Virginia went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (44%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.45%).

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Norfolk, VA awarded 10,953 degrees. The student population of Norfolk, VA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 19,902 male students and 27,840 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Norfolk, VA are White (5,038 and 46.9%), followed by Black or African American (3,445 and 32%), Hispanic or Latino (860 and 8%), and Two or More Races (642 and 5.97%).

The largest universities in Norfolk, VA by number of degrees awarded are Old Dominion University (5,241 and 47.8%), Tidewater Community College (233772) (3,462 and 31.6%), and Norfolk State University (865 and 7.9%).

The most popular majors in Norfolk, VA are General Studies (588 and 5.37%), Registered Nursing (441 and 4.03%), and General Business Administration & Management (415 and 3.79%).

The median tuition cost in Norfolk, VA for a public four year colleges is $6,496 for in-state students and $21,792 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Norfolk, VA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 93%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.2%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 47,742 (41.7% men and 58.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 47,742 students enrolled in Norfolk, VA, 41.7% men and 58.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 18,763 records, of which 55% were women and 45% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 381 degrees awarded
  2. 274 degrees awarded
  3. 251 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Norfolk, VA was General Psychology with 381 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Norfolk, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,241 degrees awarded
  2. 3,462 degrees awarded
  3. 865 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Old Dominion University with 5,241 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 4,415 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Norfolk, VA, which is 0.675 times less than the 6,538 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 5,038 degrees mean that there were 1.46 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,445 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, 2-year ($16,500) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($3,926) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,768) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Measure

In 2022, 0.884% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.904% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.71M), Bachelors Degree (1.47M), and Some college (1.4M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Norfolk, VA was $254,200 in 2022, which is 0.902 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $223,300 to $254,200, a 13.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Norfolk, VA is 44.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Norfolk, VA have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Norfolk, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Norfolk, VA is $60,998. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Norfolk, VA was Census Tract 40.01 with a value of $142,667, followed by Census Tract 24 and Census Tract 22, with respective values of $138,400 and $121,711.

Property

$254,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,568
$42,001
Median Property Taxes
±$1,390

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Norfolk, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Norfolk, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

44.8%
Homeownership
2022
67%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 44.8% of the housing units in Norfolk, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 43.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Norfolk, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 40.01
  2. Census Tract 24
  3. Census Tract 22

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Norfolk, VA was Census Tract 40.01 with a value of $142,667, followed by Census Tract 24 and Census Tract 22, with respective values of $138,400 and $121,711.

The following map shows all of the places in Norfolk, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$60,998
Median Household Income
± $1,879
93.8k
Number of Households
± 2,315

In 2022, the median household income of the 93.8k households in Norfolk, VA grew to $60,998 from the previous year's value of $56,244.

The following chart displays the households in Norfolk, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Norfolk, VA is from Virginia.
0.475
2022 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2022, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.164% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (72.7%)
  2. Carpooled (9.01%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.29%)

In 2022, 72.7% of workers in Norfolk, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.01%) and those who worked at home (7.29%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Norfolk, VA have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.04% of the workforce in Norfolk, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Norfolk, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Norfolk, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Norfolk, VA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Norfolk, VA (36.3k out of 216k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Norfolk, VA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90% of the population of Norfolk, VA has health coverage, with 35.7% on employee plans, 19.1% on Medicaid, 8.68% on Medicare, 16.2% on non-group plans, and 10.3% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Norfolk city, VA see 979 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.911% decrease from the previous year (988 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1060 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 412 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Norfolk city, VA.
979 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Norfolk city, VA

Primary care physicians in Norfolk city, VA see an average of 979 patients per year. This represents a 0.911% decrease from the previous year (988 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Norfolk city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.6% under 18 years, 26.4% between 18 and 34 years, 35.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.1% were men and 53.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10%
Uninsured
35.7%
Employer Coverage
19.1%
Medicaid
8.68%
Medicare
16.2%
Non-Group
10.3%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Norfolk, VA declined by 6.89% from 10.8% to 10%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Norfolk, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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