Pima County, AZ

County

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2021 Population
1.04M
0.329% 1-year decline
US Senator
Kyrsten Sinema
Independent Party
US Senator
Mark Kelly
Democratic Party
2021 Median Age
38.9
0.517% 1-year increase
N/A Poverty Rate
17.8%
N/A 1-year N/A
2021 Median Household Income
$59,215
7.62% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$217,700
9.18% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
457,733
1.27% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, Pima County, AZ had a population of 1.04M people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $59,215. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Pima County, AZ declined from 1.04M to 1.04M, a −0.329% decrease and its median household income grew from $55,023 to $59,215, a 7.62% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Pima County, AZ are White (Non-Hispanic) (50.4%), White (Hispanic) (19.2%), Other (Hispanic) (8.97%), Two+ (Hispanic) (8.06%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.17%).

None of the households in Pima County, AZ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

94.2% of the residents in Pima County, AZ are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Pima County, AZ are University of Arizona (11,808 degrees awarded in 2021), Pima Community College (3,708 degrees), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (1,227 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Pima County, AZ was $217,700, and the homeownership rate was 64.2%.

Most people in Pima County, AZ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Pima County, AZ was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Entering Bear Canyon

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Pima County, AZ is home to a population of 1.04M people, from which 94.2% are citizens. As of 2021, 12.2% of Pima County, AZ residents were born outside of the country (126k people).

In 2021, there were 2.62 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (522k people) in Pima County, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 199k White (Hispanic) and 92.8k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

94.2%
2021 Citizenship
93.8%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 94.2% of Pima County, AZ residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Pima County, AZ was 93.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Pima County, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Pima County, AZ
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    522k ± 957
  2. White (Hispanic)
    199k ± 4.8k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    92.8k ± 4.46k
38%
Hispanic Population
393k people

In 2021, there were 2.62 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (522k people) in Pima County, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 199k White (Hispanic) and 92.8k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

38% of the people in Pima County, AZ are hispanic (393k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Pima County, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arizona.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    498,978 ± 16,720 people
  2. India
    42,199 ± 5,028 people
  3. Canada
    40,798 ± 4,945 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 498,978 Arizona residents, followed by India with 42,199 and Canada with 40,798.

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Foreign-Born Population

12.2%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
126k people
12.5%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
129k people

As of 2021, 12.2% of Pima County, AZ residents (126k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Pima County, AZ was 12.5%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Pima County, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    27,975 ± 1,173
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    20,566 ± 1,387
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    11,053 ± 935

Pima County, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Pima County, AZ employs 458k people. The largest industries in Pima County, AZ are Health Care & Social Assistance (67,881 people), Retail Trade (53,180 people), and Educational Services (50,692 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($70,871), Manufacturing ($65,783), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,615).

Males in Arizona have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,181. The income inequality in Arizona (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

458k
2021 Value
± 5,653
1.27%
1 Year growth
± 1.76%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Pima County, AZ grew at a rate of 1.27%, from 452k employees to 458k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Pima County, AZ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (58,161 people), Sales & Related Occupations (44,655 people), and Management Occupations (42,405 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Pima County, AZ.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arizona (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

458k
2021 Value
± 5,653
1.27%
1 Year growth
± 1.76%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Pima County, AZ grew at a rate of 1.27%, from 452k employees to 458k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Pima County, AZ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (67,881 people), Retail Trade (53,180 people), and Educational Services (50,692 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Pima County, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Pima County, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$40,050
Median earning men ± $664
$31,679
Median earning women ± $467

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Manufacturing ($70,595), Public Administration ($63,386), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($58,430).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Manufacturing ($50,663), Public Administration ($44,734), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($44,375).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Arizona. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arizona.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 10,800
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 5,165
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 5,164
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $8.01M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $6.65M
    Manufacturing
  3. $2.71M
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $32B
  2. $21.3B
  3. $18.1B

In 2020, the top outbound Arizona product (by dollars) was Electronics with $32B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($21.3B) and Mixed freight ($18.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arizona products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arizona.
$217B
2020 Value in Arizona
$464B
Projected 2050 Value in Arizona
114% growth

In 2020, total outbound Arizona trade was $217B. This is expected to increase 114% to $464B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arizona trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $30.8B
  2. $14B
  3. $5.1B

In 2020, the top outbound Arizona domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $30.8B, followed by Texas with $14B and New Mexico and $5.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arizona shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Pima County, AZ went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 58.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (39.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.47%).

Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly are the senators currently representing the state of Arizona. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arizona is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arizona

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Kyrsten Sinema
Senator from Arizona1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Until 2022; Kyrsten Sinema won election to the Senate as a member of the Democratic Party.
Mark Kelly
Senator from Arizona3
Assumed office on December 2, 2020
Elected to the seat to succeed Martha McSally, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of John McCain and the resignation of Jon Kyl.

Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly are the senators currently representing Arizona.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arizona over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arizona

Arizona is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arizona have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Pima County, AZ awarded 17,826 degrees. The student population of Pima County, AZ in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 28,684 male students and 40,194 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Pima County, AZ are White (8,056 and 48%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (5,642 and 33.6%), Asian (839 and 5%), and Black or African American (723 and 4.31%).

The largest universities in Pima County, AZ by number of degrees awarded are University of Arizona (11,808 and 66.2%), Pima Community College (3,708 and 20.8%), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (1,227 and 6.88%).

The most popular majors in Pima County, AZ are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,796 and 10.1%), Registered Nursing (634 and 3.56%), and General Psychology (487 and 2.73%).

The median tuition cost in Pima County, AZ for a public four year colleges is $10,990 for in-state students and $33,739 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Pima County, AZ, the percentage of applicants admitted was 87.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.2%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 68,878 (41.6% men and 58.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 68,878 students enrolled in Pima County, AZ, 41.6% men and 58.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 30,549 records, of which 57.5% were women and 42.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 473 degrees awarded
  2. 296 degrees awarded
  3. 294 degrees awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Pima County, AZ was General Psychology with 473 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Pima County, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 11,808 degrees awarded
  2. 3,708 degrees awarded
  3. 1,227 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arizona with 11,808 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 7,320 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Pima County, AZ, which is 0.697 times less than the 10,506 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 8,056 degrees mean that there were 1.43 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 5,642 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($20,666) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,414) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($1,460) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Measure

In 2021, 0.969% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.03% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were Some college (1.42M), High School or Equivalent (1.37M), and Bachelors Degree (979k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Pima County, AZ was $217,700 in 2021, which is 0.889 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $199,400 to $217,700, a 9.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Pima County, AZ is 64.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Pima County, AZ have an average commute time of 24.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Pima County, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Pima County, AZ is $59,215. In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Pima County, AZ was Census Tract 47.26 with a value of $143,056, followed by Census Tract 46.39 and Census Tract 47.13, with respective values of $129,917 and $129,891.

In 2022, 18.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Pima County, AZ. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.743%.

Property

$217,700
Median Property Value 2021
±$2,007
$267,835
Median Property Taxes
±$3,751

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Pima County, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Pima County, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64.2%
Homeownership
2021
67.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 64.2% of the housing units in Pima County, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Pima County, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 47.26
  2. Census Tract 46.39
  3. Census Tract 47.13

In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Pima County, AZ was Census Tract 47.26 with a value of $143,056, followed by Census Tract 46.39 and Census Tract 47.13, with respective values of $129,917 and $129,891.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Pima County, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$59,215
Median Household Income
± $923
417k
Number of Households
± 5,148

In 2021, the median household income of the 417k households in Pima County, AZ grew to $59,215 from the previous year's value of $55,023.

The following chart displays the households in Pima County, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Pima County, AZ is from Arizona.
0.46
2021 Wage GINI in Arizona
0.462
2020 Wage GINI in Arizona

In 2021, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.353% decline from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (73.4%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.3%)
  3. Carpooled (9.71%)

In 2021, 73.4% of workers in Pima County, AZ drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.3%) and those who carpooled to work (9.71%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Pima County, AZ have a shorter commute time (24.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.74% of the workforce in Pima County, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Pima County, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Pima County, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Pima County, AZ have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 18.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Pima County, AZ. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.743%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Pima County, AZ (1.58M out of 8.86M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Pima County, AZ is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 20% of the children was living in poverty in Pima County, AZ. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 9.1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 470 in Pima County, AZ. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 35.9 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

91.1% of the population of Pima County, AZ has health coverage, with 40.9% on employee plans, 19.4% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 13.6% on non-group plans, and 3.16% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Pima County, AZ see 1145 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1167 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1545 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 494 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,145 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Pima County, AZ

Primary care physicians in Pima County, AZ see an average of 1,145 patients per year. This represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1,167 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pima County, AZ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.8% under 18 years, 22.3% between 18 and 34 years, 34.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 20% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.95%
Uninsured
40.9%
Employer Coverage
19.4%
Medicaid
14%
Medicare
13.6%
Non-Group
3.16%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Pima County, AZ grew by 0.3% from 8.92% to 8.95%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Pima County, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 48.6 in Pima County, AZ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Pima County, AZ.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 30.8% in Pima County, AZ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Pima County, AZ.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 13.3% in Pima County, AZ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Pima County, AZ.

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