Tucson, AZ

Census Place

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2022 Population
541,033
0.533% 1-year growth
US Senator
Kyrsten Sinema
Independent Party
US Senator
Mark Kelly
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
33.9
0.877% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
19.6%
1.15% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$52,049
8.3% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$218,200
22.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
251,679
0.848% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Tucson, AZ had a population of 541k people with a median age of 33.9 and a median household income of $52,049. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Tucson, AZ grew from 538,167 to 541,033, a 0.533% increase and its median household income grew from $48,058 to $52,049, a 8.3% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Tucson, AZ are White (Non-Hispanic) (42.4%), White (Hispanic) (18.5%), Two+ (Hispanic) (12.3%), Other (Hispanic) (11.6%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.36%).

None of the households in Tucson, AZ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

92.5% of the residents in Tucson, AZ are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tucson, AZ are University of Arizona (11,858 degrees awarded in 2022), Pima Community College (4,307 degrees), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (105534) (1,311 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Tucson, AZ was $218,200, and the homeownership rate was 50.9%.

Most people in Tucson, AZ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Tucson, AZ was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tucson, looking towards the Catalina Mountains from A Mountain.

Population & Diversity

Tucson, AZ is home to a population of 541k people, from which 92.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 14.1% of Tucson, AZ residents were born outside of the country (76.1k people).

In 2022, there were 2.29 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (229k people) in Tucson, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 100k White (Hispanic) and 66.5k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

92.5%
2022 Citizenship
92.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 92.5% of Tucson, AZ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Tucson, AZ was 92.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tucson, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Tucson, AZ
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    229k ± 2.48k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    100k ± 4.27k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    66.5k ± 4.2k
44.8%
Hispanic Population
242k people

In 2022, there were 2.29 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (229k people) in Tucson, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 100k White (Hispanic) and 66.5k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

44.8% of the people in Tucson, AZ are hispanic (242k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Tucson, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    500,763 ± 16,756 people
  2. India
    40,959 ± 4,955 people
  3. Canada
    39,634 ± 4,874 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 500,763 Arizona residents, followed by India with 40,959 and Canada with 39,634.

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Foreign-Born Population

14.1%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
76.1k people
14.2%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
76.4k people

As of 2022, 14.1% of Tucson, AZ residents (76.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tucson, AZ was 14.2%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tucson, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    11,244 ± 1,000
  2. Vietnam
    9,621 ± 743
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    5,285 ± 549

Tucson, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Tucson, AZ employs 252k people. The largest industries in Tucson, AZ are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,649 people), Retail Trade (31,148 people), and Educational Services (29,125 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($71,232), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($69,257), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($65,250).

Males in Arizona have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,270. The income inequality in Arizona (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

252k
2022 Value
± 4,400
0.848%
1 Year growth
± 2.42%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Tucson, AZ grew at a rate of 0.848%, from 250k employees to 252k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tucson, AZ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,169 people), Sales & Related Occupations (24,104 people), and Management Occupations (20,002 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tucson, AZ.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arizona (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

252k
2022 Value
± 4,400
0.848%
1 Year growth
± 2.42%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Tucson, AZ grew at a rate of 0.848%, from 250k employees to 252k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tucson, AZ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,649 people), Retail Trade (31,148 people), and Educational Services (29,125 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tucson, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Tucson, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$36,566
Median earning men ± $827
$31,826
Median earning women ± $870

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($57,559), Manufacturing ($57,261), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($55,811).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($46,187), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($43,505), and Manufacturing ($40,847).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Y-Axis
2.3%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.15M people employed in Arizona. This represents a 2.3% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.21%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arizona.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Arizona went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 49.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (49.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.52%).

Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly are the senators currently representing the state of Arizona. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arizona is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arizona

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Kyrsten Sinema
Senator from Arizona1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Kyrsten Sinema won election to the Senate as a Democrat in 2018
Mark Kelly
Senator from Arizona3
Assumed office on December 2, 2020
Elected to the seat to succeed Martha McSally, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of John McCain and the resignation of Jon Kyl.

Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly are the senators currently representing Arizona.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arizona over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arizona

Arizona is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arizona have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Tucson, AZ awarded 18,597 degrees. The student population of Tucson, AZ in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 29,668 male students and 40,033 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tucson, AZ are White (8,251 and 46.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (6,248 and 35.3%), Asian (865 and 4.88%), and Two or More Races (731 and 4.13%).

The largest universities in Tucson, AZ by number of degrees awarded are University of Arizona (11,858 and 63.8%), Pima Community College (4,307 and 23.2%), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (105534) (1,311 and 7.05%).

The most popular majors in Tucson, AZ are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,054 and 11%), Registered Nursing (693 and 3.73%), and Health Care Administration & Management (484 and 2.6%).

The median tuition cost in Tucson, AZ for a public four year colleges is $11,210 for in-state students and $35,628 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Tucson, AZ, the percentage of applicants admitted was 86.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 69,701 (42.6% men and 57.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 69,701 students enrolled in Tucson, AZ, 42.6% men and 57.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 30,607 records, of which 57% were women and 43% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 456 degrees awarded
  2. 256 degrees awarded
  3. 251 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tucson, AZ was General Psychology with 456 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tucson, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 11,858 degrees awarded
  2. 4,307 degrees awarded
  3. 1,311 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arizona with 11,858 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 7,458 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tucson, AZ, which is 0.67 times less than the 11,139 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 8,251 degrees mean that there were 1.32 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 6,248 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($21,546) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,727) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,920) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Measure

In 2022, 1.03% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.12% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Some college (1.42M), High School or Equivalent (1.41M), and Bachelors Degree (1.02M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tucson, AZ was $218,200 in 2022, which is 0.774 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $177,800 to $218,200, a 22.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Tucson, AZ is 50.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Tucson, AZ have an average commute time of 22.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Tucson, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Tucson, AZ is $52,049. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Tucson, AZ was Census Tract 40.30 with a value of $149,250, followed by Census Tract 47.26 and Census Tract 40.66, with respective values of $135,725 and $134,500.

Property

$218,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$2,295
$112,458
Median Property Taxes
±$2,470

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tucson, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Tucson, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

50.9%
Homeownership
2022
66.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 50.9% of the housing units in Tucson, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Tucson, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 40.30
  2. Census Tract 47.26
  3. Census Tract 40.66

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tucson, AZ was Census Tract 40.30 with a value of $149,250, followed by Census Tract 47.26 and Census Tract 40.66, with respective values of $135,725 and $134,500.

The following map shows all of the places in Tucson, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,049
Median Household Income
± $775
221k
Number of Households
± 3,946

In 2022, the median household income of the 221k households in Tucson, AZ grew to $52,049 from the previous year's value of $48,058.

The following chart displays the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tucson, AZ is from Arizona.
0.457
2022 Wage GINI in Arizona
0.46
2021 Wage GINI in Arizona

In 2022, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.545% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (70.4%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.7%)
  3. Carpooled (10.3%)

In 2022, 70.4% of workers in Tucson, AZ drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.7%) and those who carpooled to work (10.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tucson, AZ have a shorter commute time (22.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.61% of the workforce in Tucson, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tucson, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tucson, AZ have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tucson, AZ (101k out of 518k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tucson, AZ is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

88.6% of the population of Tucson, AZ has health coverage, with 38.2% on employee plans, 24.6% on Medicaid, 9.8% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 3.21% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Pima County, AZ see 1145 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1167 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1545 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 494 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Pima County, AZ.
1,145 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Pima County, AZ

Primary care physicians in Pima County, AZ see an average of 1,145 patients per year. This represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1,167 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pima County, AZ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.9% under 18 years, 28.7% between 18 and 34 years, 33.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.7% were men and 52.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.4%
Uninsured
38.2%
Employer Coverage
24.6%
Medicaid
9.8%
Medicare
12.8%
Non-Group
3.21%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tucson, AZ grew by 1.26% from 11.3% to 11.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tucson, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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